Things to see and curiosity
Hints of History
About the origins of the city of Trieste, history is intertwined with myth. An ancient legend tells that the founder of the city was Tergeste, a friend of Jason and the Argonauts and that he wanted to stop here.
In the first half of 3000 BC Proto-Venetian tribes settled on today's Colle di San Giusto, where the village developed. Regarding the etymology of the name of Trieste, there are two hypotheses.
The ancient Tergeste became a Roman colony around 178 BC placing itself on the Colle di San Giusto and was made up of a small fortification with walls, and from here the ancient and flourishing village expanded, thanks also to the importance of the commercial exchanges that they took place by sea. With the fall of the Western Empire, a dark period begins: with the barbarian invasions, the city fell under the dominion of the Goths, then expelled by the Byzantine emperor Justinian, until in 568 Trieste was destroyed by the Lombards.
In 1202 the doge Enrico Dandolo subjects the city to the dominion of the Serenissima.
In the Middle Ages at the end of the 13th century Trieste was a free municipality and then the first coins were also minted. The halberd which is the symbol of Trieste also originates from that time.
In 1382 the protection of Duke Leopold of Austria arrived, destined to last for about five centuries.
Between 1700 and 1800, the city went through three Napoleonic occupations.
In 1920, after the Bersaglieri disembarked in 1918 with the "Audace" at the San Carlo pier (today Molo Audace), Trieste was officially incorporated into the Kingdom of Italy.
After the tormented and tragic period passed in the last war, Trieste returned to be annexed to Italy only on 26 October 1954.
What to visit in Trieste
Of particular historical sites, natural and cultural aspects of FVG Territory to visit while staying at Triskell, -a part of the typical and best-known attractions of the Miramare Castle and San Giusto, the various museums that offers the city and the 'Trieste Karst Plateau are:
To visit the Miramare Castle: www.castello-miramare.it
San Giusto Castle
To visit the Castle of San Giusto: http://www.castellodisangiustotrieste.it/
To visit the Duino Castle: www.castellodiduino.it
To visit the Grotta Gigante: http://www.grottagigante.it/
Villa Revoltella and its park, a stone's throw from the Boschetto del Ferdinandeo (towards the hospital), is definitely worth a visit. In via Carlo De Marchesetti, 37.
The entrance features the precious iron gate, the Karst stone church by the Prague architect Kranner, the pond populated by goldfish and turtles, the gloriette and the ancient stables.
Next, the chalet residence, built after 1860 to a design by the Berlin architect Hitzig, in a simple style that fits into the natural environment, and the glass and cast iron greenhouses overlooking the typical Italian garden.
Finally, the area of the staircase with the statue of Pinocchio on the fountain and the underlying playground with the basketball court, the skating rink and numerous recreational facilities of various kinds.
From the entrance there are a series of paths paved with a shredded earthenware with a characteristic red color, interspersed with well-tended green flower beds with ground cover and flowering species and large ancient trees. The park is a real green lung of the city in which to get pleasantly lost among precious and luxuriant essences and where you can also admire a collection of ancient roses.
A mysterious atmosphere hovers around the Villa. There is in fact a legend about Miya, the antimatter, the lady who appeared under a tree to Baron Revoltella during the evening, and where, in memory of this, a plate was placed.
Trieste Civic Museums
Attractions in the surroundings and in the FVG region
The Carsiana Botanical Garden, dedicated to the flora and environments of the Karst. It collects 600 plant species from the Italian and Slovenian Karst, located in their respective natural environments. It is located in the Carso on the Trieste plateau, in Sgonico. http://www.carsiana.eu/
The Cave of the God Mitra
The cave of Mithras, in the sources of the Timavo, is a precious relic of the past, a window into the earliest history. It is a natural cavity in which the mystery cult of the god Mithras was practiced, widespread in the Roman world from the end of the 1st century until the triumph of Christianity. In the center of the cave there are two parallel counters and between them a block of limestone, squared, on which bread was broken during religious ceremonies.
On the back wall there is a cast of a tombstone supported by columns: it depicts the god Mithras killing the primeval bull. This is how the dedication reads: "Aulus Tullius Paumnianus offers to the uninvited god Mitra for his health and that of his brothers". In addition, many offerings have been found in the cave: about 400 coins, the oldest of which was minted by Antoninus Pius, 160 oil lamps and a large number of jars, all dating back to between the 1st and 5th centuries AD.
The Mitreo di Duino temple is the only one in the world to be located in a cave and is one of the oldest ever discovered.
The cave of the God Mithras is rather hidden but easy to access. It is about two kilometers from the sources of the Timavo, in the direction of Duino. Take the state road 14, up to the crossroads that leads to the center of Duino.
By appointment with the Superintendency of Fine Arts: the Temple of Mithras, the only Mithraic-hypogean temple found in Europe, and probably one of the most complete and complete. To visit the Grotta del Mitreo in Duino: http://www.turismofvg.it/Siti-Archeologi/Grotta-del-Mitreo
The Celtic Hypogeum
To visit the Celtic Hypogeum Cividale: http://www.turismofvg.it/Siti-Archeologici/Ipogeo-Celtico
- Area of the Foci del Timavo and San Giovanni in Tuba