Things to see
Things to see and curiosity
Hints of History
About the origins of the city of Trieste, history is intertwined with myth. An ancient legend tells that the founder of the city was Tergeste, a friend of Jason and the Argonauts and that he wanted to stop here.
In the first half of the 3000 BC Protovenian tribes settled on today's Colle di San Giusto, where the village developed. Regarding the etymology of the name of Trieste, there are two hypotheses.
The ancient Tergeste, became a Roman colony around 178 BC placing itself on the Colle di San Giusto and it was constituted by a small fortification with walls, and from here the ancient and flourishing village expanded, also thanks to the importance of the commercial exchanges that took place by sea. With the fall of the Western Empire, a dark period began: with the barbarian invasions, the city fell under the dominion of the Goths, then expelled by the Byzantine emperor Justinian, until in 568 Trieste was destroyed by the Lombards.
In 1202 the doge Enrico Dandolo subjected the city to the dominion of the Serenissima.
In the Middle Ages at the end of the 13th century Trieste was a free municipality and then the first coins were minted. The alabard which is the symbol of Trieste originates from that time.
In 1382 the protection of Duke Leopold of Austria was destined to last for about five centuries.
Between 1700 and 1800, the city passed through three Napoleonic occupations.
In 1920, after the Bersaglieri landed with the "Audace" in 1918 at the San Carlo pier (today the Audace pier), Trieste was officially incorporated into the Kingdom of Italy.
After the troubled and tragic period of the last war, Trieste returned to Italy only on 26 October 1954.
What to visit in Trieste
Sites of particular historical, naturalistic and cultural interest of the Territory of the F.V.G. to visit during your stay at the Triskell, apart from the typical and most famous attractions of the Castle of Miramare and that of San Giusto, the various museums that the city offers and the Karst plateau of Trieste are:
To visit the Castello di Miramare: www.castello-miramare.it
San Giusto Castle
To visit the Castello di San Giusto: http://www.castellodisangiustotrieste.it/
To visit the Grotta Gigante: http://www.grottagigante.it/
Villa Revoltella and its Park, a stone's throw from the Boschetto del Ferdinandeo (direction Ospedale), is definitely worth a visit in via Carlo De Marchesetti, 37.
The entrance has the fine iron gate, the Karst stone church of the Prague architect Kranner, the pond populated by goldfish and turtles, the gloriette and the old stables.
Next, the chalet residence, built after 1860 to a design by the Berlin architect Hitzig, in a simple style that fits into the natural environment, and the glass and cast iron greenhouses overlooking the typical Italian garden.
Finally, the area of the staircase with the statue of Pinocchio on the fountain and the underlying playground with the basketball court, the skating rink and numerous recreational facilities of various kinds.
From the entrance start a series of paths paved with a crushed earthenware with a characteristic red color, interspersed with well-tended green flowerbeds with ground cover and flowering species and large old trees. The park is a real green lung of the city where you can pleasantly lose yourself among precious and luxuriant essences and where you can also admire a collection of old roses.
Around the Villa there is a mysterious atmosphere. There is indeed a legend about Miya, the antimatter, the lady who appeared under a tree to Baron Revoltella during the evening, and where, in memory of this, a plate was placed.
Civic Museums Trieste
Attractions in the surroundings and in the region F.V.G.
The Carsiana Botanical Garden, dedicated to the flora and environments of the Carso. Collects 600 plant species of the Italian and Slovenian Karst, located in their respective natural environments. It is located in the Karst on the Trieste highlands, in Sgonico. http://www.carsiana.eu/
The Grotto of God Mitra
The grotto of the God Mitra, in the area of the sources of the Timavo, is a precious relic of the past, a window on the most ancient history. It is a natural cavity in which the mystery cult of the god Mitra was practiced, widespread in the Roman world from the end of the first century until the triumph of Christianity. At the center of the cave there are two parallel counters and between them a block of limestone, squared, on which the bread was broken during religious ceremonies.
On the back wall is a cast of a plaque supported by columns: it depicts the god Mithras killing the primeval bull. Thus says the dedication: "To the invincible god Mithras Aulus Tullio Paumnian offers for his health and that of his brothers". In the cave, moreover, many offers have been found: about 400 coins, the oldest of which was coined by Antonino Pio, 160 lamps and a large number of jars, all dating back to between the I and the V century AD
The Mithraeum temple of Duino is the only one in the world to be located in a cave and is one of the oldest ever discovered.
The grotto of the God Mitra is rather hidden but easy to access. It is about two kilometers from the sources of the Timavo, in the direction of Duino. Go along the main road 14, up to the junction that leads to the center of Duino.
By appointment with the Superintendency of Fine Arts: the Temple of Mithras, the only Mithraic-underground temple found in Europe, and probably one of the most complete and complete. To visit the" Grotta del Mitreo" in Duino: http://www.turismofvg.it/Siti-Archeologici/Grotta-del-Mitreo
The Celtic Hypogeum
To visit the Celtic Hypogeum of Cividale del Friuli: http://www.turismofvg.it/Siti-Archeologici/Ipogeo-Celtico
– Zona delle Foci del Timavo e San Giovanni in Tuba