Aquileia, patriarchy and Venetians. Relationship with the Celts.

In Friuli, the Euganei had settled, of pre-Indo-European (pre-Celtic) origin with settlements that assumed the shape of the castellieri in the area. Between the 10th and 6th centuries BC, the Venetians (of perhaps Illyrian origin and coming from the Danubian region) overlapped the Euganians, who were replaced in the 6th century BC by the Gallo-Meats, or Celts who introduced, into the territories occupied by them and in the neighboring ones, new and advanced techniques of working iron and silver spreading in the Po valley and occupying a large part of northern Italy. This population in successive waves relegated the Paleoveneti beyond the natural border represented by the waters of the Livenza. According to the Greek historian Teopompo, after having settled in the plain, the Celts founded the city of Achileia - a name that with the Romans became Aquileia - along the river they called Achilis (which should mean river with dark and deep waters). After the end of the Celtic domination in Friuli, the period of the Patriarchate of Aquileia began, which ended in 1420, to pass for a long period under another domination, the Venetian one. The thread that binds it all together is "cyclicity", given that the Venetians moved on to the Celts, and then to the Romans and again to the Venetians, a cycle interrupted only by today's treasurers of the splendid town of Aquileia. Certainly the historical period is not directly inherent in the proposed project, which is the Celtic one, but indirectly it is still a valid "Achileian" ancestor of all respect, given that it is thanks to its ancient passage, that the successors have found a valid inheritance.



The bull " iniuncta nobis " with which the Pope officially suppresses the patriarchate of Aquileia, is historically described as a kind of concession to Austria and Venice, which claimed to see the reasons for their conflicts in Aquileia. In reality, the papal bull must be framed in the context of several bubbles of the same type issued in that span of years, aimed at suppressing and no longer tolerating uncomfortable pagan traditions that continued to survive. The population that founded Aquileia, in fact, was Celtic, and Aquileia itself was affected by the influence of the Lombard populations. Proof of this are the mosaics inside the so-called "Church of the Pagans" which bears many symbols and motifs made with Celtic knots. Venetian domination arose after Austria and Venice put aside their political disagreements. Trieste (place of the Triskell) and Istria, thrived under Maria Teresa and Venice was "satisfied" with Veneto and the lower Friuli. The pontiff could not take out the patriarchate that was part of the Church, without an adequately justifying political reason, it risked a schism. He found him in Venice and Austria, so he was able to take out a part of influential clergy who carried on pagan influences. (research by Claudia Bossi ).